Armenian geography is blessed with endless natural treasure. The Armenian Territory stands in the heart of the southern Transcaucasus in Eurasia. Armenia is located in the southern Caucasus and is the smallest of the former Soviet republics. Armenia has borders with Georgia to the north, with Turkey to the west and south, with Azerbaijan to the east and southwest, and with Iran to the south. The country spans 29,743 (28,454 km², water: 1,289 km²) square kilometers of mountainous terrain centered around the Ararat Valley, the heart of the Armenian nation since biblical times. The average altitude of the country is over a mile high, at about 1800 meters above sea level. A land of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, its highest point is Mount Aragats (4095m).
Armenia is subdivided into eleven administrative divisions. Of these, ten are provinces. Yerevan is treated separately and granted special administrative status as the country’s capital. The chief executive in each of 10 provinces is appointed by the government of Armenia. In Yerevan, the chief executive is the mayor, appointed by the president.